The terms craftsman and bungalow are often used interchangably, though there is a fundamental distinction. Craftsman refers generally to the Arts and Crafts movement and is considered an architectural or interior style, whereas bungalow is a particular form of house or building. Thus, a bungalow can exhibit a craftsman style, and many of them indeed did so.

Low-pitched, gabled roof, wide overhang of eaves, exposed rafters (rafter tails) under eaves, decorative brackets (knee braces or corbels); incised porch (beneath main roof); tapered or square columns supporting roof or porch; 4-over-1 or 6-over-1 sash windows, often with Frank Lloyd Wright design motifs; hand-crafted stone or woodwork, often mixed materials throughout structure.

Bungalows can either be front-gabled, side-gabled, or cross-gabled.

Bonnycastle is one of the neighborhoods that has a large number of craftsman houses in Louisville, though they can be found all over the city in neighborhoods built in the early to mid-20th century.